Computer architecture is a set of disciplines that describes the functionality, the organization and the implementation of computer systems; that is, it defines the capabilities of a computer and its programming model in an abstract way, and how the internal organization of the system is designed and implemented to meet the specified capabilities. Computer architecture involves many aspects, including instruction set architecture design, micro-architecture design, logic design, and implementation. Some fashionable (2011) computer architectures include cluster computing and non-uniform memory access
The computer organization is concerned with the structure and behaviour of digital computers. The main objective of this subject to understand the overall basic computer hardware structure, including the peripheral devices
In spite of variety and pace in the computer field, certain fundamental concepts apply consistently throughout. The application of these concepts depends upon the current state of technology and the price/performance objectives of the designer. The aim of the subject is to provide a through discussion of the fundamentals of computer organization and architecture and to relate these to contemporary design issues
A computer system is like any other system, consists of an inter-related set of components. The system is best characterized in terms of structure-the way in which they are interconnected and function-operation of individual component. Each major component can be described further by decomposing it into its major sub-components and describing their structure and function
Computer architecture is the conceptual design and fundamental operational structure of a computer system. It is the technical drawings and functional description of all design requirements (especially speeds and interconnections), it is how to design and implement various parts of a computer focusing largely on the way by which the central processing unit (CPU) operates internally and how it accesses addresses in memory.
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